Saturday, May 23, 2020

Theoretical Frameworks And Influence Of Parenting

My Virtual Child Experience Linda Maes Colorado State University HDFS 101 Fall 2015 Dr. Ashley Harvey Theoretical Frameworks and Influence of Parenting Parenting styles differ greatly. Understanding how to parent each child individually is an important concept to learn when becoming a parent. Four parenting styles have been developed to explain how parents relate to their children. The styles are divided into two sub-categories: Demandingness or responsiveness towards the children, (i.e. the amount of control versus warmth shown to the children). Baumrind defined these styles as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and disengaged (Arnett, 2012). The parenting style that I used while raising my virtual child was authoritative. For example, when my child â€Å"Samuel† was 3 years old he would not mind me or pick up his toys. I would ask him again, firmly yet in a calm voice. He would then do as I asked, and I would thank him and give him praise for a job well done. Another example is when Samuel was 16, and he broke his curfew. I appreciated that he called to let me know (he communicated) and I reminded him of the curfew limit, but did not punish him for being late. The authoritative style consists of a parent making clear to the child the rules of the family and what is expected of him, and setting consequences for when those rules are broken. The authoritative parent enforces theShow MoreRelatedTheoretical Frameworks And Influence Of Parenting838 Words   |  4 PagesMy Virtual Child Experience Theoretical Frameworks and Influence of Parenting Throughout history, parents have been trying to find the best way to raise children, and come up with ideas on what the best outcomes will be. Although there are many factors to take into account when raising children, it really boils down to the parents’ responsiveness and demandingness (Arnett, 2012, p. 259). The most popular conception is the one that Diana Braumrind came up with (Arnett, 2012, p. 259). There areRead MoreClinical Director At Community Partners1050 Words   |  5 Pagesthat she had a wealth of knowledge and was very knowledgeable about the theoretical framework that Community Partners employs. Jodi explained to us that the agency does not specify any treatment modality, but the agency does have commonly used treatment modalities that include, but are not limited to, CBT, EMDR, TF-CBT, Play Therapy, Motivational Interviewing and Triple P Parenting Skills. She explained that the theoretical underpinnings of the commonly used treatment modalities are CBT a nd the traumaRead MoreThe Uk Civil Partnership Act 20041670 Words   |  7 Pages584; Binnie 45). Furthermore, it states that legislative alterations enforce reassessment of families individually appropriate for lesbian and gay families (Taylor 590). Besides different perspectives by various authors, the article provides a theoretical introduction. It offers more research and views from different authors concerning same-sex marriages and civil partnerships (Taylor 587). Therefore, the opening part of the article â€Å"lesbian and gay parents sexual citizenship: Costs of public acceptanceRead MoreThe Effects Of Parental Substance Use Disorder On Childhood Development1565 Words   |  7 Pagesproblematic parental relationship. Children faced with parental substance abuse will be affected in many aspects of their lives. However, the impact of parental abuse will limit a parent’s potential to care and protect his or her child (ren). Family influences are significant in childhood development associated with risk factors which are parallel to PSUD. Furthermore, (Marmorstein, Iacono, McGue, 2009) found parental drug and alcohol dependence are equally predictive of children s behavioral disordersRead MoreCharacteristics And Efficacy Of Adlerian Therapy Essay1112 Words   |  5 Pagesclient’s choices influence their lives rather than how their past effect their future, what types of â€Å"social interest† and â€Å"prosocial behavior† are influencing â€Å"psychological health†, â€Å"purposeful†, â€Å"goal oriented†, and â€Å"meaningful† behaviors, and understanding the client’s â€Å"subjective reality†. Adlerian therapy emphasizes the need for social interest or â€Å"community†. The social life consists of â€Å"communa l life†, â€Å"work†, and â€Å"love relationships†. â€Å"Self-acceptance†, â€Å"spirituality†, and â€Å"parenting† were addedRead MoreThis Chapter Will Provide The Theoretical Framework For1281 Words   |  6 PagesThis chapter will provide the theoretical framework for training teachers for family engagement followed by a current and comprehensive literature review of: (1) Importance of family engagement, (2) Family engagement and educational equity, (3) Current state of teacher preparation for family engagement, (4) Teachers’ beliefs and attitudes towards family engagement, and (5) Best practices for teacher preparation. Following the literature review, the summary at the end of the chapter will proposeRead MoreThe Image Of Parenting889 Words   |  4 PagesThe image of parenting portrayed in films nowadays contrast the existing feature of parenting. In the 19th century fathers in Europe and North America were expected to be family patriarchs and stern moral teachers, 20th century fathers have been relatively uninvolved in the daily routines of family life (Coltrane, 1996). Most western cultures has been remarkably brought changes in gender role by modernization and globalization. Globalization at its peak is tied with media and film is a vital mediaRead MoreBiological Influences On Personality : Temperament, Personality, And Life Span Development1030 Words   |  5 PagesLiterature Review The topic of research was Biological Influences on Personality: Temperament. Personality is not just something we learn, there are also biological influences that help shape a person’s personality. Our book refers to temperament as biologically based emotional and behavioral tendencies that are evident in early childhood (Cervone D., Pervin, 2015 p.488). Each article provided an insight on how biology plays an important role in our personality/temperament. In the article NatureRead MoreAlfred Adler Reflection Paper1659 Words   |  7 Pagesconsciousness. Theoretical Stance My approach will be the individual psychology approach of Alfred Adler. This approach emphasizes the the fact that personalities are shaped by our social environments and interactions, and that conscious is at the core of our personality. Thus, we are not driven by uncontrollable forces, but rather have the power to involve actively in the crafting of our distinctive selves and choosing the course towards our future. Motivation for choosing theoretical stance I choseRead MoreThe Family Life Cycle Stage Model751 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to the text, the family life cycle stage model is a theoretical framework that was developed in order to account for the regularities of a family life cycle over a period of a lifetime. (Goldenberg, I., Goldenberg, H. 2013). At each stage the family has to engage in a series of conflicts and negotiations which defines that particular stage. These conflicts and peace talks help develop the family’s identity and role within society. Remarkably, family identification has gone through such

Monday, May 18, 2020

What It Means to Be a Feminazi

A term used primarily by conservatives to disparage liberal progressive women and those who support womens rights, feminazi is a portmanteau word that combines feminist and nazi and blends their sounds and meanings into a single word. A feminazi is an exaggerated description of a womans rights advocate so ardently committed to the fight for gender equality that she is (as defines nazi) a harshly domineering, dictatorial, or intolerant person. Made popular by radio talk show host and conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh, the term feminazi did not originate with him. In his first book, The Way Things Ought To Be (Pocket Books, 1992) Limbaugh credits the originator of the word and provides his own definition of feminazi (p. 193): Tom Hazlett, a good friend who is an esteemed and highly regarded professor of economics at the University of California at Davis, coined the term to describe any female who is intolerant of any point of view that challenges militant feminism. I often use it to describe women who are obsessed with perpetuating a modern-day holocaust: abortion. Two decades later a much wider range of women falls under the conservative commentators feminazi label. At present, Limbaugh uses the term to describe any woman or women whose attempts to advocate for those basic and legal rights such as abortion, contraceptive use, and equal pay do not meet with his approval. Other pundits have mocked Limbaughs use of the term feminazi by offering up their own definitions. In the midst of the Rush Limbaugh/Sandra Fluke controversy in March 2012, Comedy Centrals The Daily Show host Jon Steward observed during the March 5 broadcast that a feminazi was someone who would herd you onto a train to go to an Indigo Girls concert.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

A Comparison Of Differing Views/Attitudes To War With...

A Comparison Of Differing Views/Attitudes To War With Reference To Regeneration, Strange Meeting, Selected Poetry and A Journeys End David Lloyd George once commented, in a highly patriotic sense upon ‘the making of a new Europe-a new world’, to what degree was this true is debatable to a great extent, after all the armistice signed on November 11th 1918, didn’t confirm victory but only to learn a horrific number of 9,000,000 million fatalities were caused due to world war 1. Surely enough this was a new Europe? As a country, life would go on in England, but for wives, children and family the tragedy seemed to live on. For many the thought of a war had urged men to fight for their country and ‘do†¦show more content†¦The pre war poems most definitely would have been pro war, as at this time no one was aware of the deadly consequences after the war. Some poems were a device to raise the morale of young men to encourage them to go to war. In Jessie Pope’s, ‘Who’s For The Game’, the fact that she is a women emphasises the reason to go to war. Pope personifies the country as a ‘She’, which vaguely gives the image of a man impressing a woman. ‘And she’s looking and calling for you’ Pope has created an extremely lighthearted poem, which can’t be taken seriously at all, as she refers to the war as being a ‘game’. She tries to bring out the theme of male competition, with the idea of who can be the best? ‘Who’ll grip and tackle the job unafraid’ This poem proves to be ideological, as it’s not the truth, but its what would have been preferred to the real outcome. Similarly Harold Begbie also created a highly patronizing poem to encourage soldiers to war in ‘Fall In’. Begbie refers to the boy as ‘Sonny’ and takes us through a narrative of how life would be if one did not participate in war. Like Jessie Pope, Begbie has also used women as a device but in a more obvious way. ‘But what will you lack when your mate goes by With a girl who cuts you dead?’ The general attitude that can be detected in these poems is of a non-serious one. At theShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Diversity in Organizations 39 Attitudes and Job Satisfaction 69 Emotions and Moods 97 Personality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 239 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Development Of Piaget And Vygotsky And Evaluate Their...

Psychology Essay 1 I will be describing and evaluating cognitive development in children, using the contributions of Piaget and Vygotsky and assess their value for social work. I will be outlining the main ideas that they have discovered through their theories and how they are implemented in everyday life with a case study. I will also be explaining how they are implemented within social work. I will finish by summarizing the main points and coming up with a conclusion. Cognitive development is the childs brain process of how they learn to develop physically (sit up, stand etc.) as well as speech in early years, through to problem solving, thought processes and learning as the child grows and develops. There have been many theorists throughout history that have given their own unique explanation of why and how children develop mentally and physically. I will be analyzing the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky. Jean Piaget believed in the maturist theory and that in certain times of a childs life, they develop, normally at around eighteen months, seven years and eleven to twelve years. It believes that children are organism’s (Piaget referred to them specifically as â€Å"little scientists†) that grow at the same speed and are continually developing, therefore, are only able to learn as they are physically, mentally and biologically able, building up the amount of information their body and mind can process as they get older. A five year old can only read a few words, so wouldShow MoreRelatedThe Theories Of Piaget And Vygotsky2305 Words   |  10 PagesCritically evaluate the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky in explaining children’s learning and development Learning and development is a major aspect of everyone and their day to day lives. Some people consider the term learning to have two definitions, these are informative learning which allows people to learn what fits their mental models and transformative learning which is the process of changing these mental models (Heorhiadi et al, 2014). There are two main theorists Jean Piaget and Lev VygotskyRead More The Constraints on Adolescent Learning Essay3088 Words   |  13 PagesPersonalities, social skills and intellectual development are only some of the key factors that effect how pupils learn and achieve differently to one another. Every child responds individually to their specific needs and environment, and the extent of that achievement can be often be linked with external factors as pupils are naturally influenced by a variety of different constraints. These factors that are not concrete and will change and alter throughout an adolescent’s development, as Piaget (Piaget 1970)Read MoreApplying Learning Theories3548 Words   |  15 Pagesexisting, separate and independent of the knower; and this knowledge should be considered true only if it reflects that independent world. In contrast, the constructivist view argues that knowledge and reality do not have an objective or absolute value or, at the least, that there is no way of knowing this reality. John Watsons 1913 Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It proposed abandoning Instrospectionist attempts to make consciousness a subject of experimental investigation focusing insteadRead MoreObservation Essay3348 Words   |  14 Pagesone child’s development based on a series of observations you have made. In addition to informing your own understanding of development and learning, you can also consider how your findings can help you to identify ways of supporting the child’s development. Abstract This report will look at Observations within a Haringey Early Years setting and on one Child. I will make five various observations over a period of time. I will examine the observations through elements of her development and learning’sRead MoreA Social Perspective On Child Development1304 Words   |  6 Pagesto realize and accept the physical, emotional, cognitive, social and educational growth a child goes through from the time they were born throughout their early adulthood. Engagement in the social and physical world pushes their development forward. Child development can be seen as a social constructivism, (development becomes determined by culture), and there can be many different reasons for this. Reasons which are comparable to social constructivism. However, above all the culture and surroundingsRead MoreThe Importance Of My Professional Development As A Teacher943 Words   |  4 PagesThis assignment will critically analyse and reflect on the poster, highlighting on the five relevant roles of my professional development as a teacher. It will further provide me with a framework in which the context of the poster (Appendix1) can set relevance, on how these roles can be experienced within the classroom environment of teaching and learning by linking different theories and strategies into practice. The theme of this poster reflects on the Plato’s theory of â€Å"Allegory of the cave†Read MoreLifespan Developmental Psychology: An Overview4022 Words   |  16 PagesDevelopmental Psychology An Overview Development is process which starts from the moment the child is conceived by his mother. And it doesnt stops when the childhood ends. As a matter of fact, it continues till death. This development gives a shape to our socio-economic, cognitive and biological needs and views. Behaviors and actions of an individual are part of socio-emotional development that a person reflects while performing an activity. Lifespan development theory is basically an amalgamationRead MoreThe Importance Of Teaching And Learning Processes1867 Words   |  8 Pagesfacilitated in professional forums. Through discussion and critical evaluation, educators are then able to ensure that various learning processes are understood and best teaching practices are implemented (Comber Hill, 2000). It is therefore vital to evaluate reading and writing approaches critically and to determine their relationship with curriculum and policy. By doing so, educators can ensure that teaching is relevant, contemporary and eff ective (Shepard, 2008). It is similarly important to have anRead MoreResearch Evidence For The Big 5 Personality Traits3250 Words   |  13 PagesSection A 1. Evaluate the research evidence for the Big-5 personality traits. A universal definition of ‘personality’ has to this day remained a struggle to conclude. The concept of ‘personality’ is so wide that it is difficult to conceptualise succinctly (Maltby, Day, Macaskill, 2007), and so variation between different personality psychologists and theorists will occur. The known ‘father’ of personality psychology describes personality as â€Å"a dynamic organisation, inside the person, of psychophysicalRead MoreThe Theories Of Cognitive Development On The Curriculum And Instructional Strategies Used Within The Targeted Instructional Setting2170 Words   |  9 Pagesinstructional setting that is the foundation for the discussion that follows. Then this paper will present the implications of several theories of cognitive development on the curriculum and instructional strategies used within the targeted instructional setting. These include the cognitive development theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky, among oth ers. Based on these theories, two recommended adjustments to the curriculum content for the targeted instructional setting will be presented along

Career Paper Free Essays

Deciding on a certain career has been difficult and very challenging. Going through elementary school and middle school and deciding what career path way I should take, the first two that caught my attention were anesthesiologist and general surgeon. As a child, I never thought that I would want to go to these fields. We will write a custom essay sample on Career Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now As a student, I sometimes have my ups and downs in school but that doesn’t stop me from doing what I love. In my opinion school is like the next level of a game and I must do my best to beat that level. Sometimes it’s tough but I’ll manage somehow. Preparing to become an anesthesiologist begins in high school. Since university or college focuses on classes in premed, some recommends getting a head start taking science classes in high school. Biology and chemistry classes will provide you with the knowledge required to be successful. I still don’t know which of the two careers I should decide on. Luckily, the two careers matched closely to my personality type. What do surgeons do? General Surgeons are doctors who are specialized in performing surgery on abdominal areas such as the esophagi, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, but sometime often the thyroid gland. They also focus on disease involving the breast, skin, or any soft tissue. Depending on the type of surgeon, they perform different surgeries. For example a cardiovascular surgeon might do open heart surgery, while a breast surgeon might do breast surgery to save someone from having breast cancer. Surgeons are part of a team. They rely on an anesthesiologist to keep the patient asleep and comfortable, nurses and assistants are responsible for passing the surgeon any tools that are needed to do the surgery, and keeping track of the patient’s vital signs and many other things. Sometimes in difficult procedures surgeons often work together as a am to do more work in less time, and in teaching hospitals interns and residents are with more experienced surgeons to observe and learn. Many surgeons work for very long hours, some are scheduled to work for certain amount of hours depending on the hospital. Even doctors who work in private practice spends long hours in the operating room, and are expected to work with other health care professionals to make sure that everything is going smoothly. A lot of surgeons, most of the time are responsible for managing a lot of paperwork such as possessing a patient’s files to reviewing records and so much more. There are many types of surgeon and focusing in different areas of the body. Unlike other doctors, surgeons must first complete four years of study at any college, depending which one has the specific field. Surgeons must complete an additional four year and get their MD or Doctor of Medicine degree from an approved medical school. Most applicants take a large amount of courses in subjects like chemistry, and physics. Also, they must pass the Medical College Admission Test (MICA). Once they have gotten their MD, graduates have to go through a minimum of five years of surgery residency. During this course, dents are trained in general surgical procedures. Why is an anesthesiologist important during any surgery? Anesthesiologists are medical doctors specializing in preoperative care. They help to ensure the patients are safe while going through surgery and are involve in putting the patient to sleep so they won’t feel pain or sensation. Without anesthesiologists, surgery would not be possible in a lot of operations. They are responsible for the patient before, during and after the surgery. In terms of education, one must complete at least 3 years of a bachelor’s degree, many applicants have 4 years which also include ultimate science courses. Anesthesiologist must have a high score on the Medical College Admission Test (MICA), also a letter of recommendation from their teachers and advisors. Many medical schools also consider things like leadership qualities, and extracurricular activities when making admissions decisions. After graduation, anesthesiologists enter into a residency program. Usually the first year is spent in an internship, practicing general medicine and learning from other anesthesiologist. During the next couple years, they learn the techniques and skills of anesthesiology with the help and supervision of another. At the end of the residency, they will need to take the United States Medical Licensing Examination to obtain licenser to practice medicine in the United States, and then they can work as an anesthesiologist. What exactly does an anesthesiologist do? Their Job is to keep you safe and comfortable during surgery and recovery. They monitor your heart rhythm, blood pressure and the amount of oxygen in your blood. Also, they monitor your temperature and your level of consciousness. When patients are sleeping, they monitor the patient’s breath by measuring the volume of breath exhaled and the mount of carbon dioxide in their breathing. Sometimes, they may monitor how much blood the patient is pumping and the pressure in the lung. The anesthesiologist must keep the patient asleep during a surgery by giving them anesthetic drugs and some drugs are giving to them at all times. Some drugs are mixed in with others and sometimes with the oxygen the patient is breathing. If the patient comes across problem during surgery such as low blood pressure, asthma, blood loss, heart arrhythmia and many others, the anesthesiologist must find a way to correct the problem. The care nurse and the anesthesiologist work together to cake sure the patient is safe and comfortable. How much does an anesthesiologist and surgeon make? The annual salary for an Anesthesiologist is about $166,400 while the median is about $355,100 in the United States. The anesthesiologist is one of the highest paying Jobs in the medical field. According to US Bureau of Labor statistics, the top paid anesthesiologist employed in public sectors is about $197,000 per year while self employed received about $316,500 yearly. They make more than $80. 00 per for the median. The lowest 10 percent receive up to $55. 52 per hour. Depending on the state or location that you vive in, some places have a higher income than others. On the other hand, surgeons make a little bit more. The median salary for a typical surgeon in the United States is about $343,000. Depends on the particular procedure, they range at around $250 per hour. Different surgeon makes more money than others, for example a pediatric surgeon make about $166,000 a year, while a barbaric surgeon make $433,000 a year. The salary is different in most cases. Choosing a career can be difficult but as time goes by you will soon know what interests you. As we Journey through life, we will have to decide on what we want to o or become. Everything and anything is possible if you take your time and give it your best. You really won’t know the possibility that you have to get into Med School until you have taken the science courses that college offer. Medical Schools don’t really care what kind of grades or experience you have in High School. That doesn’t mean you should stop and give up, start by participating in some sort of extracurricular activity, and possibly doing some volunteer work. Volunteering at a hospital is going to look better and increase your chances of getting into that particular school. An anesthesiologist and a surgeon are two different things yet they depend on one another for a surgery to be possible. Sometimes it is difficult and hard to decide what you want to do in life. As a freshman, I still haven’t decide what to do with my life but for now I will continue with school and hopefully one day I will know what I should do. With the overwhelming responsibilities of anesthesiologists and surgeons, some people decide to become something else that they love. Doesn’t matter what you become as long as you love what you do then it shouldn’t matter to how much you make a year. How to cite Career Paper, Papers

Marketing Environment Strategy Csl Company â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Marketing Environment Strategy Csl Company? Answer: Introduction Marketing environment refers to those factors that enable a business or a company maintain its clients through creating a good relationship between itself and the clients through coming up with ways that help in efficient delivery and selling of its products and services to those customers. The marketing environment is very wide considering the performance of a certain company or business. It pertains two major areas, that is, microenvironment (internal factors) and macro environment (external environment). The microenvironment consists of the internal business structure. That is, the management department, the human resource department, the finance department, accounting department, purchasing and sales department, customers, and suppliers among others. The internal environment is mainly affected by the performance of the personnel entrusted in these departments. For instance, a well-organized business is more successful regarding its output compared to a poorly organized company. The external environment, on the other hand, refers to those factors outside the business rheum that affect the performance of a particular company. These factors include the political status of a country, demographic factors, culture, economic status of a place, the sociological orientation among other factors. The external environment, however, affects the internal environment. In Australia for example, the political, economic and social stability helps the CSL Company to market its products and services in the country freely. Maintaining a good position and being much competitive, a country, therefore, needs to consider the application of some methods that will help in balancing both external and internal environment to have a successful marketing process. The factors to be considered and applied are therefore the ones referred to as the strategy. The objective of this assignment is to conduct a marketing analysis on Commonwealth Serum Limited Company. Brief information about CSL Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL) was established in 1916 in Australia. Its purpose was to serve the health needs of the nations that were affected and isolated by First World War. Since then the performance for this company has improved and in 1991 Commonwealth Serum Laboratories was incorporated to CSL limited and it managed to be listed on ASX in the year 1994. The company has now expanded its territories and has acquired a good number of companies such as the Novartis influenza vaccine business and CSL Behring. CSL Company is an actually based on delivering advanced biotherapies that help in saving lives. These biotherapies involve helping people with intimidating medical conditions and help them to live a full life (Moynihan, 2010). Marketing background of CLS Company Since the establishment of the CSL Company in the year 1916, the company has improved in terms of its performance by actually joining hand with other organizations. The following is a trend for the performance of the CSL company from its establishment the-the current date (Liu, 2013). In the year 2013, the company went through a reform where it announced that the operating partitions would include CSL plasma, CSL Behring, and immunohematology. In the year 2008, the company took a step to buy Talecris Bio therapeutics Holdings Corp. This is a United States-based supplier of plasma protein treatments which was from reserved equity firm (Cerberus Partners) which amounted to 3.48 billion dollars. This treaty was later canceled in the following year (Moynihan, 2010). In the year 2007, the CSLs influenza virus vaccine company was approved by Food and Drug Administration of the US which allowed to be traded (Szekely, 2013). In the year 2006, various operating names and visual characteristics were on CSL were allied so as to strengthen global network connections of the company. Some changes were made which included CSL pharmaceuticals to CSL biotherapies. In the year 2004, the company helped in the acquisition of Aventis Behring which became a worldwide frontrunner in plasma therapeutics. In the year 2003, there was free fluvial influenza serum which got launched together with United States Papillomavirus. In the year 2002, there was an opening of an office in Hong Kong. There was also an outline of the conjugate into Australian bazaar. In the year 2001, there was a formation of ZLB Plasma Services. There was also an establishment of NASDAQ which catered for some laboratory facilities (Guan, 2010). In the year 1999, there was an agreement of manufacturing and development of a product with American Record Cross. This was done through the signing of contract and development of new drugs (Ueyama, 2013). In the year 1998, the subsidiary for Bayers Animal Health Biologicals, a manufacturing company in Nebraska acquired Biocor Animal Health Inc. In the year 1995, there was the signing of an agreement with Merck and Co. The signing involved marketing and development of Human papillomavirus vaccine globally. There was another licensing the same year which allowed the marketing of Avonex treatment in New Zealand and Australia. In the year 1994, the company appeared on the Australian Securities Exchange list. In the year 1992, there was the signing of an agreement of Dohme and Merc Sharp which was meant to develop combination serums for teenagers in Australia (Zhang, 2011). In the year 1991, there was an incorporation of the company as Commonwealth Serum laboratories Limited. In the year 1961, the company was made a commission under the CSL Act. Analysis of CSL products The main products produced by this company are plasma proteins biotherapies and vaccines. Due to the wideness and diversity of products being produced, the company structures itself in two major business units. These are; CSL Behring- this is a well-developed unit which involved in the production, research, distribution, and development of accounting and plasma-derived products that are used in manufacturing coagulation therapies involved in the treatment of hemophilia, products for treating trauma, immunoglobulins for infection treatment and autoimmune diseases (Katz, 2010). An overview of CSL Behring products The drugs produced in this unit generally help in treating of infections, bleeding disorders, and autoimmune diseases. These products are also used t treat patients in serious care settings An overview of Seqiruss products Vaccines- the function of the vaccines is to speed up protection to patients and persons in contradiction of various viral deases. Ant ivenoms- Helps in treating individuals affected by spider bites and venomous snake. Diagnostics product- help in determining the matching of the giver to receiver in plasma transfusion. Medicines- these are quite many and they help in treating several humanoid medicinal situations. Various numbers of these medicines get distributed and marketed by the CSL. Seqirus, on the other hand, is a unit that creates and disperses natural substances such as the prescriptions of drugs, vaccines, anti-venoms and immunohaematology stuffs. It also includes the protein resultant drugs to cure solemn humanoid medicinal situations. Pricing for the CSL Company Pricing process is very crucial when it comes to the marketing of a companys products. Well-conducted pricing plan helps in defining the price-point at which the organization can exploit returns on sales of its products. During setting of the prices of its products, CSL Company considers factors like the production cost, distribution costs, the offering given by the competitor, the positioning strategies, and the targeted customers. The company uses various strategies in pricing its products. These include; Pricing at a premium This strategy involves a company setting prices of its products higher than the prices of its competitors. The CSL uses this strategy to win most of the customers who believe in its products and who associate the higher priced products with a sense of high quality. When comparing SANOFI and GRIFOLS SA which are some of the major competitors of the company, the price for the CSL products are relatively high but this does not seem to reduce the number of sales for the CSL products. However, this type of pricing strategy is mainly used when selling new products (Wang, 2010). Pricing for market penetration This strategy involves reducing the prices for some of the products so as to attract buyers. Most of the profit made by this company is used to expand the production process of new products and improve marketing of the previous ones. Due to reduced cost of production of various drugs such as vaccines and ant venoms, the CSL Company reduces the prices for these drugs so as to attract more buyers to buy these particular products from them as compared to the companys competitors who sell these products at a relatively high price. After influencing a quite good number of customers, the company can then use the profit gained to produce more of the same and different products based on the needs and demand of the consumers (Wang, 2010). Promotion on the CSL products Promotion is a key consideration when marketing a companys products. After the company has identified the product to produce, the places to distribute this product and the price to sell this product, it now has to find a proper way to make all of its customers aware of the availability of that specific product in the market. This, therefore, calls for different methods of promotion such as advertisements, road shows, campaigns, sales promotion, direct marketing and public relations. The company uses many forms of advertisements. These include a print advertisement which involves large billboards with the Company logo and some of its popular products, online advertisement which involves a website, Facebook page, LinkedIn, Instagram, Twitter among other social media where the new brands are outlined immediately after being released to the market (Sun, 2014). Various methods of promotion used by the CSL Company This is a type of promotion strategy that involves holding events that bring both the customers and the employees of the company together with the main aim of appreciating the consumption of the companys products. The company has been conducting these events occasionally where the customers do not have to pay anything for the provided goods. The forum involves open discussions, explanation, and instructions on how to use various drugs. Several disorders that are being treated using these drugs are mostly discussed and the reflected victims are always given these drugs for free. This strategy is very important since it helps in treating the victims of certain diseases as well as bringing up more customers (Linsey, 2011). After sale customer services The CSL always performs a follow-up by contacting its customers through email or telephone. These help not only receiving the feedback on the consumption of the products from the company by the consumers but also help in providing further guidelines to the customers who are not very sure on the usage of the of particular drugs. Other sales services used by the CSL Company involve catering for transport cost where a customer buys a bulk or a delicate product. Compared to its competitors, the CSL has recorded the best after-sale services in Australia. This has improved in the marketing success since the process involves winning more customers (Ferguson, 2017). Place/ distribution The location of the company and the distribution of its products is a very important consideration during marketing plan. The company is set in very nice and strategic places in the Australia and other involved countries. The main branches and offices are located in cities, and the distribution channel helps in connecting these premises with the ones in the interior region. The company gets its raw materials and ingredients locally. The location of this company and its branches has covered many communities and cultures resulting to a plenty number of permanent employees. The CSL premises are channeled in a way that the most plants are located in urban areas where plenty of labor and infrastructure is available. The transportation of the products from the company to the pharmaceutical centers is done by various cartels. Means of distribution of these products vary depending on the country. Some use the road; others use railway while few uses air and water as means of transporting the company products. This process may involve the wholesalers getting the products directly from the company or getting the products from the chemists. Among the various countries invested by the CSL, there is at least one wholesaler in the most interior or rural areas. The retailers then get these products from the wholesalers, and the consumers buy the products from the retailers at a moderate price. The successful investment in many countries has resulted since the company employs local employees around its premises who understand different languages based on their country and community. The proper communication enables the employees to even reach the most interior customers (Hu, M, 2015). Product vs Sustainability Sustainability refers to the ability of a business to maintain itself at a certain level or rate. The company produces a wide range of products such as antibiotics, vaccines anti-venoms among other products. To ensure sustainability in the marketing arena, the CSL Company have research centers and industries that produce these products using various formulas encountered during the research process. The promotion directives taken by the company such as the advertisement and use of free gifts help in sustaining the company position while making it more competitive. The product policy for the company entails that for any new product to be produced, the company must consider the competitor companys most trending products and the rate of demand for a particular product (Gudridur, 2011) Product quality features The products produced by the CSL company are of high quality since the company has well-established production industries and the accessibility of the raw materials is also easy considering that the company was established long time ago (Guan, 2010). Packaging and labeling The packaging on the CSL products is done strategically based on the type of the product. For instance, liquid and suspense drugs are packed in small cans and bottles, while capsules are mostly packed in small packets sealed with aluminum foil. The labeling of these products on the other side is based on the name of the drug while brief descriptions on the usage of that particular product are highlighted on the packet or any other packaging material used. Labelling is very important as it help in distinguishing different types of products being Produced and different uses these products have. The following picture shows some of the company products being packed and labeled (Zhang, 2011). Supply chain management This is the process that involves the distribution of the companys from the manufacturer the wholesaler and retailers. The company, therefore, has a policy accredited this process. This policy entails delivery of products in time, having a good distribution channel and maintaining a good relationship with the companys suppliers of the raw materials. If the proper distribution of these products is sustained, then the company enjoys a successful and smooth market (Platzek, 20212). Consideration for consumption and disposal The company produces the products based on the different human diseases. The packaging tools used in these drugs are made up of biodegradable materials that when disposed of, they only have less pollution effect to the environment (Kraev, 2017). References Ferguson, M., 2017. Using a Faculty Learning Community to Advance Public Scholarship in Promotion Tenure Guidelines (Doctoral dissertation, University Library). Guan, W., 2010. Developments in Distribution Channels: A Case Study of a Timber Product Distribution Channel (Doctoral dissertation, Linkping University Electronic Press). Gudridur Benediktsdottir, E., 2011. Analysis of Marketing-, Production-and Financial Opportunities for an Entrepreneurial Product Designer. Gudridur Benediktsdottir, E., 2011. Analysis of Marketing-, Production-and Financial Opportunities for an Entrepreneurial Product Designer. Hu, M., Li, X. and Shi, M., 2015. Product and pricing decisions in crowdfunding. Marketing Science, 34(3), pp.331-345. Katz, B.R., Du Preez, N.D. and Schutte, C.S.L., 2010. Definition and role of an innovation strategy. In SAIIE conference proceedings (pp. 60-74). Linsey, M. and Milnes, I., 2011. Heavy metal analysis of cosmetics and personal care products: a critical and unavoidable global challenge. Euro Cosmetic, 10, pp.17-19. Liu, B.F., Miyata, S., Hirota, Y., Higo, S., Miyazaki, H., Fukunaga, M., Hamada, Y., Ueyama, S., Muramoto, O., Uriuhara, A. and Kasuga, M., 2013. Methylglyoxal induces apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in rat mesangial cells. Kidney international, 63(3), pp.947-957. Moynihan, R., 2010. Doctors education: the invisible influence of drug company sponsorship. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 336(7641), p.416. Parsonson, I., 2010. The Australian Ark: A history of domesticated animals in Australia. CSIRO PUBLISHING. Sun, Q. and Xiong, C.S.L., 2014. Functional and pasting properties of pea starch and peanut protein isolate blends. Carbohydrate polymers, 101, pp.1134-1139. Wang, L., Guo, K., Li, Y., Tu, Y., Hu, H., Wang, B., Cui, X. and Peng, L., 2010. Expression profiling and integrative analysis of the CESA/CSL superfamily in rice. BMC plant biology, 10(1), p.282. Zhang, W.Z. and Shi, Z.Z., 2011. Description of Crystallographic management of Product Phases with Singularity and g Distribution. In Solid State Phenomena (Vol. 172, pp. 1096-1105). Trans Tech Publications. Szekely, F. and Strebel, H., 2013. Incremental, radical and game-changing: strategic innovation for sustainability. Corporate Governance, 13(5), pp.467-481. Platzek, B.P., Pretorius, L. and Winzker, D.H., 2012, July. Sustainability in technology driven business environments: A company-level approach. In Technology Management for Emerging Technologies (PICMET), 2012 Proceedings of PICMET'12: (pp. 1195-1208). IEEE. Kraev, V. and Viitala, J., 2017. Sustainability Orientation s effect on the NPD Process:: A single Case Study in a Manufacturing Company.

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Jack The Ripper Essay Example For Students

Jack The Ripper Essay Jack the RipperJack the Ripper killed five women between the 31st of August 1888 and the 9th of November 1888. They were murdered in Whitechapel and Spitalfields in the East End areas of London, England. The killer was never caught and because of this there are hundreds on his personality and motives. No other killer in the British history rivaled that of the gruesome, mocking, utterly superior Jack the Ripper, a multiple murderer whose arrogance and boldness deified the entire police department of London and held in terror a great city for as long as he cared to roam its streets and slay at will. Mary Ann Polly; Nichols, aged 42, was the first of the Ripper victims, according to dedicated Ripperologists. Her body was found on Bucks Row by a patrolling constable at 3:15 a.m. on August 31st 1888. The ripper had slashed her throat twice, and her abdomen had been savagely cut exposing the intestines. Her vaginal area had also been mutilated. The woman approximately five feet two inches tall with brown graying hair, brown eyes, and several missing teeth. Mary Ann Nichols had a drinking problem and spent most of her life making her earnings as a prostitute. She was a sad, destitute woman, but one that most people liked and pitied. Annie Chapman, known to her friends as Dark Annie;, was a 47 year old homeless prostitute. Suffering from depression and alcoholism, she did crochet work and sold flowers. Eventually she turned to prostitution despite her plain features, missing teeth and plump figure. She was found murdered on Saturday, September 8, 1888. Hey throat was cut and she had been very mutilated. Her abdomen had been cut open and the intestines had been removed and placed on her shoulder. The contents of the pelvis including her female organs and the bladder had been removed. No trace of these parts was found. The incisions were cleanly cut, the work obviously of an expert who had knowledge of anatomy and physiology Elizabeth Stride was born on November 27, 1843 in Gothenburg, Sweden. She was a well-liked woman who people nicknamed Long Liz;. While she may have occasionally prostituted herself, for the most part she earned a living by doing sewing or cleaning work. She had blue eyes and wavy brown hair. Sh e was also plump and missing several teeth. She was found murdered on Sunday, September 30, 1888. Her throat had been cut from ear to ear to the back of the spine, but she had not been mutilated. Catherine Eddowes, called by Kate by all that knew her, had a periodic drinking problem like the other victims which led to quarrels with her companions and family. Kate was born on April 14, 1842 at Gaisley, Wolverhampton. Her friends described her as an intelligent, scholarly woman, but of fiery temperament; though there is reason to believe that she occasionally prostituted herself, perhaps when under the influence of alcohol. As in the deaths of Polly; Nichols and Annie Chapman, Kates throat had been deeply slashed from left to right and the resulting wound was the cause of death. Her abdomen had been entirely laid open with the intestines detached. The next victim was Mary Jane Kelly. She was about 25 years old, five feet two inches tall, stout, with blond hair and blues eyes, and a fa ir complexion. She lived with her cousin in Cardiff and worked as a prostitute. On of her acquaintances said she was abusive when drunk, but one of the most decent and nice girls you could meet when sober;. On Friday, November 9, 1888, she was found with the skin peeled back from her face and her ears and nose cut off. There was a deep cut on her neck from ear to ear. Her abdomen had been cut across and downward with most of the internal organs removed. Both breasts had been cut off and her left arm was hanging by skin only. Her thighs down to her feet had no skin on them. From the testimony of the various eyewitnesses certain probabilities emerge about the killer. No one ever saw the Whitechapel murderer. Many homicidal maniacs were suspected, but no proof could be thrown on anyone. Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward, the Duke of Clarence, was known as Eddy. He was the grandson of Queen Victoria born in 1864. The first idea that he was a suspect came in 1970. Dr. Thomas Stowell published an article accusing Eddy of being Jack the Ripper, basing his theory upon some papers of Sir William Gull, the physician of Queen Victoria. Stowell claimed that Gull was Eddys doctor and was treating the prince for syphilis. The disease supposedly caused Eddy to go insane and commit the Whitechapel murders. The killings, which Stowell claimed were committed by Prince Eddy, were to be in retaliation for contracting syphilis contracted during sexual activities. The murders started, according to Stowell, as Eddys infected brain started to deteriorate. None of this can be proven since Stowell died shortly after publishing his theories and burned his papers. Dr. Gulls papers have not been found. Scholars have examined this theory and discredited it. One important factor is that royal records show that Eddy was not anywhere close to London when the most important murder dates occurred. Also, Eddy, who was not considered to be a very intelligent man, did not possess the medical k nowledge to be a Ripper suspect. Aaron Kosminski is described as a Polish Jew and resident of Whitechapel, insane owing to many years indulgence in vices. He had a great hatred of women, especially of the prostitute class and had strong homicidal tendencies. The only bit of evidence against Kosminski was a positive identification by one of the eyewitnesses. George Chapman was born in Poland in 1865. He was apprenticed to a surgeon and later went on to complete his studies at a hospital in Warsaw. He first showed his violent streak when he attacked his wife. She later left him and George lived in common law arrangements with other women that he also treated badly. Three of these women had been poisoned and died. While Chapman was charged with three murders, he was convicted only of the last one and was hanged on April 7, 1903. There were other factors that led to Chapman being a suspect. He was single at the time of the murders and had the freedom to roam around at all hours of the n ight and morning. He also worked a regular job, which kept him occupied during the week but allowed him weekends free when the murders occurred. He was violent and homicidal with women and committed multiple murders of women. .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .postImageUrl , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:hover , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:visited , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:active { border:0!important; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:active , .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u07dc8345ca77f640ca5a01eb7fa4ef3c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Tempest Character Analysis EssayMontague John Druitt was born in 1857 in Dorset. His father was a surgeon. Druitt graduated with a degree in classics and went to teach boarding school. In 1885 his father died and a couple of years later his mother was institutionalized for depression and paranoid delusions. His family had a very pronounced history of depression and suicide. His body was found floating in the Thames River in December 1888. He had been dismissed from his teaching position in November. He had left a suicide note found by his brother expressing a fear that he was going to be like his mother and that it was best for him to die. There seems to be little evidence as to why he was considered a suspect. It seems that the inspectors supposedly had private information that his family believed that he was the murderer. BibliographyColby-Newton, Katie. Jack the Ripper. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1990. The Diary of Jack the Ripper. New York: Hyperian, 1993. Begg, Paul. Jack the Ripper: The Uncensored Facts. New York: Robson, 1989. Sharkey, Terence. Jack the Ripper: 100 Years of Investigation. London: Ward Lock, 1987.